In the first decade after the October Revolution when the program for the development of the newly created state was in the process of definition, fairy tales were a subject of controversy. For example, Nadezhda Krupskaya (1869–1939) considered it a bourgeois form of escapism because of the presence of a supernatural element. In particular, she vigorously attacked Korney Chukovsky (1882–1969). Nevertheless, in 1934, during the First Congress of Soviet writers (when socialist realism was established as the official method of Soviet art), fairy tales were rehabilitated. In the 1960s, this genre of children's literature had been already firmly rooted in the Soviet publishing. At the same time, work in the artistic sphere related to children has become a space for creative experiments for Ukrainian artists — in the image of fantasy worlds it was possible to avoid ideological strain. In particular, the fairy tale The Little Humpbacked Horse, the main character of which is represented in this sculpture, was one of the most famous fairy tales in the Soviet Union: it was published 130 times and translated into 27 languages. This composition, covered with ceramic mosaic, used in general for the decoration of the premises, resonates with the idea of the synthesis of art, which was actively promoted during the propagation of typical construction.